Gomal Damaan Area

The area of Gomal Damaan is in worst condition and extremely vulnerable regarding drinking water, even the community is bound to use the ponds water which is highly contaminated due to animal fasces. The area is facing extreme water scarcity.

GOMAL, or Gumal, the name of a river of Afghanistan, and of a mountain pass on the Dera Ismail Khan border of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province of British India. The Gomal River, one of the most important rivers in Afghanistan, rises in the unexplored regions to the south-east of Ghazni. Its chief tributary is the Zhob. Within the limits of British territory the Gomal forms the boundary between the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province and Baluchistan, and more or less between the Pathan and Baluch races.

The Gomal pass is the most important pass on the Indian frontier between the Khyber and the Bolan. It connects Dera Ismail Khan with the Gomal valley in Afghanistan, and has formed for centuries the outlet for the povindah trade.  Until the year 1889 this pass was almost unknown to the AngloIndian official; but in that year the government of India decided that, in order to maintain the safety of the railway as well as to perfect communication between Quetta and the Punjab, the Zhob valley should, like the Bori valley, be brought under British protection and control, and the Gomal pass should be opened.

After the Waziristan expedition of 1894 Wana was occupied by British troops in order to dominate the Gomal and Waziristan; but on the formation of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province in 1901 it was decided to replace these troops by the South Waziristan militia, who now secure the safety of the pass.

Gomal designation of four geographical entities; A sub-province (Woloswali) and village in the Paktia province of eastern Afghanistan; a river originating in the Ghazni province and flowing southeast through the Waziristan tribal agency and the Dera Ismail Khan district in the Khyber-Pakhtun Khwa (KP) Province of Pakistan; and of a passage linking the eastern foothills of the Soleiman mountain range with the Indus plains.

Gomal, the southernmost district of Paktia, covers an area of 1,850 square miles. In the late 19th century, it included about sixty villages, six of which had more than 500 inhabitants. Estimates of its settled rural population then ranged from 10,300 to 16,800. The Gomal River flows north of the Gomal Mountain pass, which is also known as the Ghwalari Pass, a term probably derived from the Pashtu word “Ghwa” (cow) and “lara” (road). The pass is approximately 13.5 miles long with width narrowing in places to 10 feet. The Gomal Pass is bounded by the caravan stages of Pasta Kats and Gatkay in the west and Maekinay and Rammu on its east. Its many outlets and access points and proximity to other passages, such as the Zao and Danasar, have created confusions similar to those concerning distinctions between the Khyber, and Tartara passes between Peshawar and Jalalabad. The Gomal, Khyber, Kohat, and Bolan passes, and their subsidiary routes, have long been the primary channels of commercial and cultural contact between Persia, India, and Central Asia.

An important segment of the Gomal caravan road traverses both the Gomal Pass and the river. The Gomal road is used by nomads whose seasonal migrations carry them between and through South and Central Asia. These Afghan nomad traders are commonly referred to as powindah when associated with the Gomal and Bolan passes, and farther north around and through the Kohat and Khyber corridors.

Gomal Damaan Area can play an imperative role in achieving food and water security in Pakistan because it embraces all four seasons. Gomal Damaan Area is the area that mostly consists of Himalayan Mountains in the North and Suleiman ranges in the South. The Western Ranges of Himalayan Mountains turn southwards and carve out a valley all along the River Indus in the east and Suleiman ranges in the west. It is located between 70′ – 72′ E and 32′ N.

Damaan is located in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Pakistan. Damaan is the floodplains region in the western central Pakistan. Gigantic hill-torrents occasionally pouring down from its western Sulaiman Mountain Range and finally joining the mighty Indus River in the east played vital role in making its diverse geographies and determining its histories and cultures.

Invaders and traders continued to pass through Damaan for centuries before the advent of new transportation and communication technologies. Owing to its geo-political significance and strategic location, Damaan turned to be a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural region.

Though Damaan is still predominantly Siraiki speaking region but other major ethno-cultural groups include Punjabis, Balochs and Pakhtuns. Kulachi, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan are the major cities of the Damaan area. Gomal Damaan was once considered to be the gateway to South Asia owing to its traversable numerous mountain passes connecting Afghanistan and the Central Asia to Pakistan.


Critical Problems of the Gomal Damaan Area


Lack of water wisdom in the schools, colleges and universities.


Water journalism is extremely frail in this area and print media and electronic media are not projecting water as a national priority for budgetary allocations.


There is no place in Gomal Damaan Area of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) where water supplied to common man is safe enough to meet standards of World Health Organization.


There are places in the Gomal Damaan Area of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) where animals and human beings drink the same contaminated and unhygienic water from one pond.


Warlords and pseudo experts are manipulating poor, sick and ignorant stakeholders.